This anthology presents in two volumes fifty-two anthem and anthem-like compositions by forty-five American composers of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. In context, the anthem represents the largest, most complex, and most serious musical form in psalmody, the religious music of British and American churches of the time. This edition is a survey of early American composers of this repertory, and it makes the music available in a critical edition for performance and study. Volume 1 contains music for major church festivals, such as Thanksgiving, Christmas, Easter, and Fast Day; volume 2 comprises anthems for specific events, such as the dedication of a church, the ordination of a minister, funerals, charity meetings, and marriages. Also included in volume 2 are fifteen anthems whose use is undesignated and which could serve any number of occasions. All the anthems are typical of their times and represent some of the best music of their composers.